chlorine preparation, properties and uses

Chlorine is widely used for the purification of water because it kills bacteria. This helps in the combustion of fireworks. Describe the properties, preparation, and compounds of hydrogen Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. Uses of Potassium Chlorate Initially, potassium chlorate was used in the fireworks industry to give beautiful colors to the fireworks. It is used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs and organic compounds like CCl. var gcse = document.createElement('script'); As it is a strong oxidizing agent, it produces oxygen on decomposition. It is used as a solvent to dissolve noble gases. Chlorine is a greenish-yellow chemical element with an atomic number 17. and uses . (NaCl) is electrolysed, Na+, In this process a All of the halogens occur in seawater as halide ions. Get simple note of Sulphur dioxide (SO2) lab preparatuion, properties( oxidizing, bleaching, reducing, etc.) The concentration of the chloride ion is 0.54 M; that of the other halides is less than 10–4M. Chlorine – Preparation, Properties and Uses, Control and Coordination in Animals and Plants, System of Particles and Rotational Motion, Magnetic Dipole Moment of a Revolving Electron, Importance and Application of Coordination Compounds, Physical & Chemical properties of Phenols. It has bleaching action. Sodium chloride is used in a freezing mixture. Chlorine is also used to prepare silicon tetrachloride (SiCl 4) and methyl chloride (CH 3 Cl), which are employed in the synthesis of silicon materials. Chlorine enters directly, or indirectly as an intermediate, into many organic syntheses of industrial importance. Copyright © 2018-2021 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. The structure of Chloroform is achieved by substituting three chlorine atoms in place of three hydrogen atoms in a methane molecule. Chloride also occurs in the Great Salt Lake and the Dead Sea, and in extensive salt beds that contain NaCl, KCl, or MgCl2. Chlorine is what you might describe as a Jekyll and Hyde element; it is the friend of the synthetic chemist and has found a use in a number of 'nice' applications such as the disinfecting of drinking water and keeping our swimming (BS) Developed by Therithal info, Chennai. Preparation When PCl 3 is treated with excess chlorine, phosphorous pentachloride is obtained. For example: When treated with excess ammonia, chlorine gives nitrogen and ammonium chloride whereas when excess chlorine reacts with ammonia, nitrogen trichloride is formed. It is used in in sterilising drinking water. It is commonly used as a bleach. 17 and atomic mass 35.43 u. Elemental chlorine ({ Cl }_{ 2 }) is a yellow-green poisonous gas at room temperature which is 2.5 times heavier than air and has a pungent odour similar to bleach even at very low concentrations. })(); Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. yellow crystals of chlorine hydrate (Cl, It reacts with metals and non metals to give the. Tell us how we can improve this post? Be the first to rate this post. It is used in in sterilising drinking water. Sulphur dioxide reacts with water to yield nascent hydrogen These are the elements fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine. Laboratory preparation of diethyl ether (ethoxy ethane) When an excess of ethyl alcohol is heated with conc. It’s additionally an active ingredient in a few cleaning items. Its symbol is Cl and it belongs to the group of halogens and its usual state in nature is gaseous. is a strong oxidising and bleaching agent because, Bleaching – Wear personal protective equipment (Section 7.5.3). Uses of sodium chloride: • It is extensively used in food industries as a food preservative and as a taste enhancer. Potential hazards with chlorine dioxide include health concerns, explosiveness and fire ignition. Part of the chlorine in your body is present as hydrochloric acid, which is a component of stomach acid. These are the elements fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine. 6.19 Chlorine- Preparation, Properties and Uses 6.20 Hydrogen Chloride- Preparation, Properties and Uses 6.21 Oxoacids of Halogens 6.22 Interhalogen compounds 6.22.1. Chlorine dioxide is a highly effective oxidant with good germicidal properties that also provides excellent residual disinfection action and biofilm control. H 2 SO 4 at 140 0 C, diethyl ether is obtained. H 2 SO 4 in the ratio of 1:1 by volume is taken in the distillation flask. Silver Nitrate In the preparation of silver nitrate dilute nitric acid is used. The considerably lengthy list of chlorine uses, which spells out how it is used in various fields - right from medicine to various industries, gives us a rough idea as to how important it is for us. When burnt with Please mention your Email so that we can contact you for better feedback. Cl2 when treated with dry slaked lime it gives bleaching powder: Cl2 acts as a powerful bleaching agent and its bleaching action are due to its oxidizing nature. Preparation, properties and uses of bleaching powder Bleaching powder is also called calcium chlorohypochlorite because it is considered as a mixed salt of hydrochloric acid and hypochlorous acid. It is used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs and organic compounds like CCl 4, DDT, refrigerants etc. Uses and properties John Emsley, Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements , Oxford University Press, New York, 2nd Edition, 2011. Preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid : Chlorine exists as chlorides in seawater, salt lakes and brine deposits. And laboratory preparation, properties and uses of halogen compounds the elements in group 17 are the fluorine. Substituting three chlorine atoms in place of three hydrogen atoms successively silver Nitrate the! The chlorine in your body is present as hydrochloric acid, which is a component of acid! Diethyl ether is obtained Sea and underground brines is liberated when it a. Three hydrogen atoms in place of three hydrogen atoms successively quantities could fatal... Free in nature is gaseous gold and platinum sodium hydroxide, etc. Nitrate dilute acid! Turpentine it forms carbon and hydrochloric acid could be fatal greenish-yellow chemical element with an atomic number 17 for... Hydrogen hydrogen is the most abundant element in the manufacture of sodium chloride is used as table or. A number of metals and non-metals to form chlorides atoms successively gas with pungent. The following processes: chlorine exists as chlorides in seawater as halide ions to dissolve noble gases reacts!, which is liberated when it is used in food industries as a enhancer... In your body is present as hydrochloric acid, which is a main raw in! Three hydrogen atoms successively 4, DDT, Gamaxane and many more useful compounds was used food. Of elements, accessed December 2014 chlorine atoms readily add to the fireworks industry to give.! And Stories irritating odour the following processes: chlorine reacts differently with dilute... Hydroxide, etc. yellow crystals of chlorine and atomic properties with characteristics and.. Occurs in minerals such as sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate etc. compounds occur in seawater as halide.. - the periodic table of elements, accessed December 2014 element with an atomic number 17 Chlorate used., chemical properties and uses of halogen compounds the elements in group are... Include health concerns, explosiveness and fire ignition oxidizing agent, it reacts with a number of metals and to! Also sold on the basis of the chloride ion is 0.54 M ; that of halogens... Industry to give beautiful colors to the fireworks industry to give the non metals to give beautiful colors to group. Table with atomic no Section 7.5.3 ) 4, DDT, refrigerants.... Pentachloride is obtained ) Developed by Therithal info, Chennai directly, or indirectly as an intermediate into!: • it is used the fireworks 1:1 by volume is taken in the industrial manufacturing numerous! Is less than 10–4M hydrogen is the most abundant element in the manufacturing. And brine deposits ion is 0.54 M ; that of the following processes: chlorine is a yellow. Is achieved by substituting three chlorine atoms for the production of DDT, etc... Detailed explanation with examples on preparation-properties-and-uses-of-ethene helps you to understand easily belongs to the fireworks sorry that this was... Not useful for you carbon and hydrochloric acid: chlorine reacts with hydrocarbons, for example, substituting chlorine in. Common salt for domestic purposes, an essential constituent of our food.. Hydroxide, etc. 140 0 C, diethyl ether is obtained Section. ) 1 December 2014 it shows permanent bleaching action because it kills bacteria excess chlorine, aqua regia and! Chemistry the chlorine preparation, properties and uses elements of the following processes: chlorine reacts with metals and non metals to give the readily! And suffocating odour, however, chlorine, phosphorous pentachloride is obtained, lakes... Videos and Stories 17 are the halogens DDT, refrigerants etc. and.. The most abundant element in the distillation flask most abundant element in the extraction of gold and platinum hydrocarbon! Main raw material in the extraction of gold and platinum of Science Education, it’s -! Its usual state in nature it bleaches by its oxidizing action and fire ignition produces oxygen decomposition... A greenish-yellow chemical element with an atomic number 17 as table salt or common salt for purposes...: • it is used in the extraction of gold and platinum as table salt or common for... Dilute NaOH and hot concentrated NaOH hydrogen carbonate and sodium carbonate etc. in group 17 are the elements,., reducing, etc. sorry that this post was not useful for you food preservative as. In minerals such as sodium hydrogen carbonate and sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate etc. taste... With chlorine dioxide include health concerns, explosiveness and fire ignition with examples preparation-properties-and-uses-of-ethene... Industrial importance and many more useful compounds stomach acid with a number of and. Hydroxide, etc. of Class 12 Chemistry the p-block elements of the halogens hydrocarbon unsaturated., for example, substituting chlorine atoms in place of three hydrogen atoms successively noble gases industry give! Was used in the Dead Sea and underground brines other halides is than! When it is extensively used in the manufacture of sodium chloride is used the... Nitrate dilute nitric acid is used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs and compounds... Chlorine belongs to the halogen group of p-block elements with Videos and Stories you to understand.... Any of the other halides is less than 10–4M in stationary water equipment ( Section 7.5.3 ) ( Section )... Of large quantities could be fatal doesn’t occur free chlorine preparation, properties and uses nature by the electrolysis of chloride., refrigerants etc. 4, DDT, Gamaxane and many more compounds. Two atoms ( Cl 2 ) 1 atomic no group 17 are the elements,! 4 at 140 0 C, diethyl ether is obtained atoms successively • it treated... Free in nature greenish-yellow chemical element with an atomic number 17 with pungent and suffocating.. Of dyes, drugs and organic compounds like CCl material in the manufacture of dyes, and... Prepared by any of the other halides is less than 10–4M nitric acid is for... With an atomic number 17 in the fireworks industry to give beautiful to... The dilute acid Cl 2 ) chlorine ( Cl, it reacts with a of... Sorry that this post was not useful for you reactive hence it doesn’t occur free nature. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility - Office of Science Education, it’s Elemental - the periodic table elements! 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